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Wood sheds and log sheds
Advice on how to build a log shed to store and season your firewood supply. There are lots of different ways of building a log shed but they all have a lot in common.

Their main function is to store the wood while it is seasoned.
Please view our section on seasoning firewood as well.
The wood will be correctly seasoned by being stored cut, split & exposed to sun & wind so that the wood can be dried out.

A. The wood needs to be covered on top.
B. The wood can be left with open sides, you might want to cover on the wind side to make sure the rain does not get to the wood too much.
C. The wood needs to sit on a dry surface.

You might prefer to buy a ready made log shed - these are available in wood or metal finish & in a variety of sizes.

Please remember to order one big enough to house a full load of wood from your supplier, and keep in mind that you might want to place the log shed in a position that is convenient for gathering your fire wood on a regular basis.

You might want to have room inside your shed to divide your fire wood into 2 different sections - one to contained seasoned wood ready to use & one with wood which requires further seasoning.

Also remember that it is always a good idea to have a log basket inside the house.
This basket should be big enough to house logs for a few days so that you will be able to make sure the logs are dried off further just prior to being used.

A. The wood needs to be covered on top.

One of the simplest ways to store wood is a circular wood store -
You can build this on top of a wood pallet, place logs in a circular pattern to a height of 1.5-2 metres & place a tarpaulin, piece of plastic or a large stone on top of the stack to keep the rain off.
No need for anything else.
This is one of the traditional ways of storing wood in Scandinavia and these wood stacks do look really nice.

Another simple way of making a log-shed would be :

Place 4 corner posts well into the ground making sure the wooden posts are bedded in a mix of sand & cement to make them sturdy.

Cover the back of the shed with cross-timbers or fix with diagonals from top to bottom corner on back & sides.
This will stop the structure being unstable from side to side.

Place a roof on top of the log shed.

Make sure that the roof has a 15 degree (or greater) pitch, so that rain & snow will run off the roof easily. It is also a good idea to build your log shed so that the roof slopes away from the front - ie it is higher at the front than the back. Otherwise it is possible to get soaked if you are getting wood in the rain (if you have not used a gutter).

The roof itself can be made out of corrugated iron, slates or other materials.

A gutter is a good idea and the water can then be stored in a rain butt for use in the garden and this will also stop rain water gathering in a puddle near the log shed.

You might prefer to collect the rain water in a container next to your log shed. If you choose a plastic container with a tap at the bottom you will be able to use the rain water for watering your garden.

B. The wood can be left with open sides, you might want to cover it on the wind side to make sure the rain does not get to the wood too much.

This will depend on your situation.
If you live in a very wet area where your log shed is in a very exposed position you would want to protect the wood a bit, as it would otherwise be hard for the wood to dry out to any degree.

You will also get the added benefit of making the structure stronger.

When making the sides leave 1 - 2" gaps between the boards so that the air can flow through the wood.

C. The wood needs to sit on a dry surface.

The floor of the log shed can be made out of different materials.

The simplest could be a pallet - i.e a wooden floor with an air gap underneath & slots between the pieces of wood to make sure the wood gets a chance to dry out.

A ready made shed would usually be provided with a wooden floor already.

You can also cast a concrete floor (not as environmentally friendly as a wooden floor though), if you cast the concrete at a slight pitch then water will have a chance to run off.

Fire wood needs to be stored for a minimum of 1 year before using.

Unseasoned wood will contain 45-50% water, whereas seasoned wood will contain 15-20% water or less.

As the fire wood dries out splits will appear across the logs.

If fire wood is too wet energy will be taken from the fire to dry the wood out resulting in less heat to the room and cooler flue gasses resulting in more tar deposits in your chimney.
 
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